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Year 12 - History - The Chinese Revolution: Causes of Revolution

Units 3 and 4 - Causes & Consequences

Key events that contributed to the Revolution

The events and other conditions that contributed to the outbreak of revolution included the economic and social inequalities, challenges to the early Republican era, Warlordism, the First United Front, the Northern Expedition, the Shanghai Massacre, the establishment of the Jiangxi Soviet (Kiangsi Soviet), successes and limitations of the Nationalist Decade, The Long March, the Japanese occupation of Manchuria and the SinoJapanese War, the Yan’an Soviet (Yenan), the Second United Front, and the Civil War.

Failure of 1911 Revolution (1912–16)

The Chinese Revolution, (1911–12), was a nationalist democratic revolt that overthrew the Qing (or Manchu) dynasty in 1912 and created a republic. The October 10, 1911, Republican Revolution led to the abdication of the boy emperor Xuantong (better known as Puyi) and the transfer of authority to the provisional republican government under Yuan Shikai. The republic, established with such startling rapidity and comparative ease, was destined in the succeeding decades to witness the progressive collapse of national unity and orderly government.   Britannica

Warlord Decade (1917–27)

The Warlord Era (1916-27) was a period when national authority in China disintegrated and the country broke apart into a jigsaw of regions, each controlled by powerful local leaders.    

Nanjing Decade (1927–37)

The Nanjing Decade refers to a period of relatively stable government in China between 1928 and 1937. During this time China was reunified, at least nominally, and most of the nation was governed by Jiang Jieshi and the Guomindang.

Second Sino-Soviet War (1937–45)

The Second Sino-Japanese War (1937-45) had a significant impact on the course of the Chinese Revolution. Known in China as the ‘War of Chinese People’s Resistance Against Japanese Aggression’, it was a catastrophic conflict for the Chinese people, causing up to 20 million casualties. It also had serious political repercussions for both the nationalist Guomindang and the Chinese Communist Party (CCP).

Chinese Civil War (1946–49)

Chinese Civil War, (1945–49), military struggle for control of China waged between the Nationalists (Kuomintang) under Chiang Kai-shek and the Communists under Mao Zedong.