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Year 12 - History - The Chinese Revolution: Consequences and Experiences

Units 3 and 4 - Causes & Consequences

Consolidating Power (1949–52)

During this initial period, the CCP made great strides toward bringing the country through three critical transitions: from economic prostration to economic growth, from political disintegration to political strength, and from military rule to civilian rule. The determination and capabilities demonstrated during these first years—and the respectable showing (after a century of military humiliations) that Chinese troops made against UN forces on the Korean peninsula in 1950–53—provided the CCP with a reservoir of popular support that would be a major political resource for years.


First Five-Year Plan (1953–57)

The First Five-Year Plan (1953-57) was an economic policy adopted by the Chinese Communist Party (CCP) after it seized control of China. The plan set ambitious targets for infrastructure and production, particularly in heavy industries.

Drawing on his experiences during a 1949 trip to Moscow, Mao embraced the Soviet ‘five-year plan’ model for economic development. Mao had previously concentrated his energy on the peasants – but his end plan became the transformation of China into a modern industrial power.


Great Leap Forward (1958–61)

Mao’s Period Out of Leadership (1962–66)

Cultural Revolution (1966–71)

Changes to everyday life (1949-71)