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Year 11 - R&S - Unit 1: Religion through the ages: Shepherds, Egypt and the Bible 1900–800 BCE

Shepherds in the Bible

undefinedDespite the lower status associated with shepherding, the Bible typically highlights the shepherd and his flocks with positive metaphors. In Gen 49:24, for example, God is metaphorically referred to as “the shepherd,” but without any elaboration. A more detailed explanation of the God-as-shepherd metaphor can be found in Isa 40:11, in which God is described as a tender shepherd who cares for his people, the gentle flock. Likewise, the author of the well-known Ps 23 proclaims, “the Lord is my shepherd” who protects his flock from evil.

(Text from Bible Odyssey) (image from reading acts)

Shepherds in Egypt


The Crook and the Flail is symbolic the respectable position of kingship – it signified pharaonic dominion over the land of Egypt. Both of farming origin, the crook symbolized that the pharaoh is the shepherd or the carer of the people and flail is the scourge of necessary punishment to maintain order in society. Together, usually held in both hands crossed on the chest, they are the most prominent insignia of the royal regalia of ancient Egypt that symbolizes divine authority. They are usually seen carried by the pharaoh during state festivals.

(text from Egyptian Gods and Goddesses) 

(Image from tour egypt)


Human Sacrifice










Modern Interpretation of the Israelites Offering Live Children to the God Moloch

(image from DailyHistory)