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Year 11 - R&S - Unit 1: Religion through the ages: The democratisation of knowledge 1380–1646 CE

John Wycliffe

undefinedAlthough translations of parts of the Bible into Anglo-Saxon existed hundreds of years before Wycliffe's translation, John Wycliffe is credited as being the first translation of the entire Bible (both Old and New Testaments) into English. His translation started a revolution, and enabled ordinary people to finally have access to the Bible in a language they could understand. In fact, so profound was the revolution Wycliffe caused that he is called, "The Morning Star of the Reformation" - in other words, Wycliffe marked the start or dawn of the Reformation, and sparked the events that would soon follow.

(Text from bible manuscript society) (Image from Britannica)

The First Printing Press

undefinedJohannes Gutenberg was a German blacksmith known for inventing the mechanical movable type printing press. His printing press has been widely considered the most important invention of the modern era because it profoundly impacted the transmission of knowledge. Invented around 1439, Gutenberg's movable type printing press initiated nothing less than a revolution in print technology. His press allowed manuscripts to be mass-produced at relatively affordable costs. The 42-line 'Gutenberg Bible', printed around 1455, was Gutenberg's most well known printed item. It is considered by many to be the first 'modern' printed book.

(Information from (image from