Skip to Main Content

English: Confessions of a Head Hunter


Tearing down Statues

Lighting and Sound Techniques


High Key: the scene is flooded with light, creating a bright and open-looking scene.

Low Key:  the scene is flooded with shadows and darkness, creating suspense or suspicion.

Bottom or Side Lighting: direct lighting from below or the side, which often makes the subject appear dangerous or evil.

Front or Back Lighting: soft lighting on the actor’s face or from behind gives the appearance of innocence or goodness, or a halo effect.


Diegetic:  sound that could logically be heard by the characters in the film.

Non-Diegetic:  sound that cannot be heard by the characters but is designed for audience reaction only.  An example might be ominous music for foreshadowing.

Dialogue:  a conversation between two or more people as a feature of a book, play, or film

About the film

This short drama speaks about the conflict between the Indigenous people of the Perth area and colonial culture. A drama about two Indigenous men - Frank (Bruce Hutchison) and Vinnie (Kelton Pell) - who seek revenge for the repeated beheading of the statue of their ancestor warrior Yagan. They are modern day head hunters who have been on an Australia-wide rampage, taking trophies from every state in a seemingly erratic way. But there is method in their madness. They don't just want any heads - they want famous heads, heads of value and heads that will stop the nation in its tracks. When the police finally capture 'The Dutchman' by default, we hear ... Confessions of a Headhunter.

Based on the short story of the same name written by Archie Weller, Confessions of a Headhunter is a film that speaks about the conflict between Indigenous people or Noongar of the Perth area, and colonial culture. The symbolic violence that is the artefact of an actual war that took place - and as the film suggests - is still taking place, is represented here by the Indigenous characters, who retaliate to the disrespect shown to their ancestor warrior Yagan, an important part of Noongar heritage and culture.   Credit : Kanopy Films

Types of Film Shots

Close up Shot: A very close camera angle on a character or object.  To show characters expression or detail of the object. Usually in reaction to an event happening off screen which was shown in the previous scene.                                     


Extreme Close Up: Any shot that zooms in closer to a particular item or character.  They vary considerably but usually focus on a particular part of a person, object or animal. 



'Zooming' into a close up to heighten the suspense.  This is used to involve the audience or to focus on the expression of a character.


Medium Shot

The object is seen from a medium distance.  The shot covers the framing between a long shot and a close-up.  It is usually from the waist up to capture body language and facial expressions.


Long Shot

The view of a character or scene from a distance showing a broader perspective. This allows the audience to a wider view of the surroundings. Often used to show the distances between scenes to show how far characters have to travel.


Eye Level Shot

Shown from the same level as the character so the audience is eye to eye with the character or object.  It creates a more natural feel.

   Birds Eye Shot

A shot where the audience is looking directly down upon a scene.  It provides an idea of the scene and is often used for dramatic effect or to show a different perspective.  It can make the characters appear to be small or insignificant. This can enhance a sense of danger in a scene, leading the viewer to question what is causing the danger and how the characters are reacting to it.

  Over the Shoulder Shot  

A shot taken from over the shoulder of one of the characters.  It shows the point of view of the character which allows the audience to put themselves into that character's shoes and to 'see what they see'.  The director can show what is most important to the character. 

Low Angle:


 A shot from a camera angle positioned anywhere below the eye line, pointing upward. In many cases, these shots imply a point-of-view from on or near the ground as one stares up at people standing above them. It makes the character appear more powerful, dominant or in control of the situation.  It can signify a change in a character's personal situation.  

High Angle

A shot where the camera looks down on the character or subject from an elevated perspective.  It indicates the character's position in relation to another character within a scene or to the audience.  Usually intended to show the character in the shot to be weak, vulnerable or less in control than the other character or the viewer. 


Film Vocabulary

Mise-en-scene:  That which is placed or put in the frame. Could be location, props, costumes, etc.

Editing Techniques

Cut:  most common editing technique. Two pieces of film are spliced together to “cut” to another image.

Fade:  can be to or from black or white. A fade can begin in darkness and gradually assume full brightness (fade-in) or the image may gradually get darker (fade-out).  A fade often implies that time has passed or may signify the end of a scene.

Dissolve:  a kind of fade in which one image is slowly replaced by another.  It can create a connection between images.

Wipe:  a new image wipes off the previous image.  A wipe is more fluid than a cut and quicker than a dissolve.

Flashback:  cut or dissolve to action that happened in the past.